On the third day of the month of Jumada al-Thani, Shia Muslims commemorate the death anniversary of Muhammad's daughter Fatimah. Martyrdom of Fatimah is a public holiday in Iran because Shia Islam is the official religion in this country.
Air Force Day in Sri Lanka is celebrated on March 2. The holiday commemorates the creation of the Royal Ceylon Air Force (now the Sri Lanka Air Force) in 1951, three years after the country's independence.
Read Across America Day is an annual observance in the United States inaugurated by the National Education Association. It falls on the school day closest to March 2, the birthday of American author of children's books Dr. Seuss.
2012Died: Lawrence Anthony, South African environmentalist, explorer, and author. Anthony founded The Earth Organization and rescued the Baghdad zoo during 2003 invasion of Iraq. He is also known for best-selling books Babylon's Ark, The Elephant Whisper and The Last Rhinos.
2004Died: Mercedes McCambridge, American actress, best known for the roles in All the King's Men and Giant. McCambridge provided the voice of Pazuzu in The Exorcist and was called "the world's greatest living radio actress".
2004The Ashora Massacre in Iraq: Al-Qaeda made a series of planned explosions that killed at least 178 and injured more that 500 Muslims. This day is known as one of the deadliest days in the Iraq occupation.
1998The Earth received the data sent from Galileo spacecraft that indicated Jupiter's moon Europa has a liquid ocean under a thick crust of ice.
1995Researches at Fermilab, USA, announced the discovery of the top quark, a fundamental constituent of matter.
1992Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, San Marino, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan joined the United Nations.
1991Died: Serge Gainsbourg, French singer-songwriter, actor, and director. He is regarded as one of the most important figures in French music. His songs were sung by Jane Birkin, Brigitte Bardot, Vanessa Paradis and other known singers.
198912 European Community nations banned the production of all chlorofluorocarbons (mainly used as refrigerants, solvents and propellants) by the end of the century.
1983The compact disks and players were released in the USA and other world markets. They previously had been available only in Japan.
1982Died: Philip K. Dick, American author in the science fiction genre. His most notable work Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? served as the primary basis for the film Blade Runner.
1978Czech Vladimír Remek became the first non-Russian or non-American astronaut to go into space.
1977Born: Chris Martin, English singer-songwriter and producer, best known as the co-founder and lead vocalist of Coldplay.
1968Born: Daniel Craig, English actor, who became world famous for the role as secret agent James Bond 007.
1962Born: Jon Bon Jovi, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, best known as the founder and frontman of rock band Bon Jovi.
1949The first automatic streetlight was introduced in New Milford, Connecticut.
1945Died: Emily Carr, Canadian painter. Carr became one of the Canadian modernist and post-impressionist. Today her works are described as a Canadian icon.
1943Born: Peter Straub, American author, best known for horror fiction. He received numerous literary honors (Bram Stoker Award, World Fantasy Award and International Horror Guild Award) for his novels.
1942Born: John Irving, American author, best known for The World According to Garp, The Cider House Rules, A Prayer for Owen Meany and A Widow for One Year novels. Some of his novels were adapted to films and set in Phillips Exeter Academy.
1939Died: Howard Carter, English archaeologist, famous for discovering the intact tomb of the 14th-century BC pharaoh Tutankhamun.
1930Died: D. H. Lawrence, English author, poet, and playwright. Many of his works, including Lady Chatterley's Lover, were found to be obscene and banned.
1914Born: Martin Ritt, American actor, director, and playwright, best known for The Long Hot Summer, The Outrage, The Spy Who Came in from the Cold, Sounder, Norma Ray movies. He received numerous Golden Globes and Academy Awards as Best Director.
1902Born: Edward Condon, American nuclear physicist, a pioneer in quantum mechanics. Condon known as a member of Manhattan Project that developed the radar and nuclear weapons during World War II.
1882Queen Victoria escaped an assassination attempt by Roderick McLean in Windsor.
1855Died: Nicholas I of Russia, the emperor of Russia. His reign was marked by geographical expansion, repression of dissent, economic stagnation, poor administrative policies, a corrupt bureaucracy, and frequent wars.
1830Died: Samuel Thomas von Sömmerring, German physician, the discoverer of the macula in retina of the human eye. His investigations on the brain and nervous system, the sensory organs and the embryo made him one of the most important German anatomists.
1824Born: Bedřich Smetana, Czech composer and pioneer of the development of musical style, that is closely associated with his country. Smetana is widely regarded as the father of Czech music and internationally known for his opera The Bartered Bride.
1820Born: Multatuli, Dutch author famous for his satirical novel Max Havelaar, that denounced the abuses of colonialism in the Dutch East Indies (modern Indonesia).
1817Born: János Arany, Hungarian journalist and poet, best known as the "Shakespeare of ballads". Arany wrote more than 40 ballads which were translated in over 50 languages. Toldi trilogy is one of his most famous works.
1797Died: Horace Walpole, English historian and man of letters. His letters made his literary reputation and they are considered of significant social and political interest. Today Walpole is largely remembered for Strawberry Hill, the Gothic style home he built in Twickenham, and the Gothic novel The Castle of Otranto.
1657A fire that lasted for 3 days in Edo (now Tokyo), Japan, caused more that 100,000 deaths.