Day of Russian Guards Units is celebrated on September 2. President of Russia Vladimir Putin established the holiday in December 2000 to commemorate the 300th university of the formation of guards units in the Russian army.
Notaries Day is a Ukrainian professional holiday celebrated on September 2 each year. It was established by President of Ukraine Victor Yuschenko in 2010 as an initiative of the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine.
In Russia, anniversary of the end of the Second World War is an official memorial day. It is celebrated on September 2, coinciding with Victory over Japan Day in the United States. Despite its official status, this day is not a public holiday.
2013Died: Ronald Coase, British economist and author, remembered for his investigations on subject how market economies are shaped by contracts, laws and property rights. This work brought him the Nobel Prize in 1991.
2013The new eastern span San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge opened to traffic, becoming the widest bridge in the world.
1998Swissair Flight 111 en route from JFK International Airport in New York City, USA, to Cointrin International Airport in Geneva, Switzerland crashed near Peggys Cove, Nova Scotia, Canada. All 229 people on board died.
1998The former mayor of a small town in Rwanda Jean-Paul Akayesu was found guilty by the United Nation's International Criminal Tribunal for nine counts of genocide and crimes against humanity and sentenced to life imprisonment for each of nine counts.
1992Died: Barbara McClintock, American scientist and cytogeneticist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate for discovery of genetic transposition.
1991Died: Alfonso García Robles, Mexican diplomat and politician, Nobel Peace Prize laureate for efforts and preparations for signing the Treaty of Tlatelolco, setting up a nuclear-free zone in Latin America and the Caribbean.
1975Died: Mabel Vernon, American activist, a national leader in the United States suffrage movement.
1973Died: J. R. R. Tolkien, English writer, poet and university professor. He is best known as the author of the classic high-fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings and The Silmarillion.
1969Died: Ho Chi Minh, Vietnamese politician, Communist revolutionary leader and the first President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
1966Born: Salma Hayek, Mexican-born American actress, director and producer, best known for leading role in Frida. This role brought her worldwide acclaim and several nominations of Best Actress of an Academy Award, Screen Actors Guild Award, BAFTA and Golden Globe Award.
1964Died: Alvin C. York, American colonel, one of the most decorated American soldiers in World War I. He received the Medal of Honor for leading an attack on a German machine gun nest, killing 32 machine guns, 20 German soldiers and capturing 132 others.
1964Born: Keanu Reeves, Canadian actor, director and musician. He is mostly known for his acting career, especially for roles in successful films Bill and Ted franchise, Point Break, The Matrix, Little Buddha.
1946Born: Billy Preston, American musician, recognized as top session musician in the 1960s. He backed successful artists, like the Beatles, Sam Cooke, Ray Charles, Little Richard, and also gained fame as a solo artist.
1937Died: Pierre de Coubertin, French educator, historian, known as the founder of the International Olympic Committee and the father of modern Olympic Games.
1935423 were killed by a large hurricane, that hit the Florida Keys. This hurricane became the strongest and most intense to make landfall in the United States and the Atlantic Basin in recorded history ans was the first of three category 5 hurricanes in the USA during the 20th century.
1923Born: René Thom, French mathematician, worldwide famous for founding catastrophe theory, that was later developed by Erik Zeeman. His theory studies and classified phenomena characterized by sudden shifts in behavior arising from small changes in circumstances, analyzing how the qualitative nature of equation solutions depends on the parameters that appear in the equation.
1910Died: Henri Rousseau, French Post-Impressionist painter in the Naïve or Primitive manner. During the lifetime he was ridiculed by critics, but he came to be recognized as a self-taught genius. His works influenced on several generations of avant-garde artists.
1901Born: Adolph Rupp, American basketball player and coach, one of the most successful coaches in the history of American college basketball. He is ranked 4th in total victories by a men's NCAA Division I college coach and the 2nd in all-time winning percentage.
1877Born: Frederick Soddy, English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate for his research in radioactive decay and formulation of the theory of isotopes.
1859Auroras resulted from the great geomagnetic storm could be seen throughout the United States, Europe, Japan and Australia. This geomagnetic storm is believed to be strongest and the most spectacular in recent recorded history.
1854Born: Paul Marie Eugène Vieille, French chemist, remembered today for invention of smokeless gunpowder in 1884.
1853Born: Wilhelm Ostwald, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate in 1909 for work on catalysis, chemical equilibria and reaction velocities.
1838Born: Liliuokalani, the last monarch and the only queen regnant of the Kingdom of Hawaii. During the reign Liliuokalani tried to draft a new constitution, that would restore the veto power to the monarchy and voting rights, but her efforts never came to fruition.
1813Died: Jean Victor Marie Moreau, French general, famous for helping Napoleon Bonaparte to power. Later he became his rival and was exiled to the United States.
1806A town of Golday, Switzerland, and its nearest villages were fully destroyed by a massive landslide. At least 457 were killed.
1778Born: Louis Bonaparte, King of Holland from 1806 to 1810. His brother was Napoleon I, the first Emperor of the French.
1752Britain adopted the Gregorian calendar. At that time most of other European countries had been already using the Gregorian calendar for nearly 200 years.
1666The Great Fire of London broke out and burned for three days. Over 13,000 buildings were destroyed, including St Paul's Cathedral. It's believed, that there were few deaths, but no one counted poor and homeless people, that is why death toll could be several hundred and even thousand.
1649The forces of Pope Innocent X completely destroyed the Italian city of Castro, thus putting an end to the Wars of Castro, a series of conflicts between the papacy and the Farnese dukes of Parma, controlling Castro and its surrounding area.
1192Richard I, King of England and Saladin, the first Sultan of Egypt, signed the Treaty of Jaffa. The treaty guaranteed a three-year truce between the two armies and a safe passage of Christians and Muslims throughout Palestine.