Holidays Calendar for January 23, 2014

January 23 is Bounty Day in Pitcairn Island. This day commemorates the anniversary of mutiny on HMS Bounty in 1790.

Russian programmers officially celebrate their professional holiday on the 256th day of the year, which falls on September 13 in common years and on September 12 in leap years. However, Russia also has at least two unofficial Programmers’ Days, celebrated on January 23 and on April 22.

January 23 is National Handwriting Day that was launched by Writing Instrument Manufacturers Association (WIMA). This observance was created to remind people about the importance of handwriting in the era when e-mails have replaced handwritten letters.

January 23 is celebrated as World Freedom Day in Taiwan. This memorial day marks the return of Taiwanese POWs after the end of the Korean War. The celebration is coordinated by the World League for Freedom and Democracy.

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti is an official holiday celebrated in the Indian states of Assam, Odisha, Tripura, and West Bengal. It commemorates the birth anniversary of a prominent Indian nationalist, who was admittedly a controversial figure, but is still respected in his home region of Bengal.

January 23 is a great day for baking a pie. Chose sweet pie or pie with meat to celebrate National Pie Day.

This Day in History

  • 2021 Died: Larry King, American television and radio host, whose awards included two Peabodys, an Emmy and ten Cable ACE Awards.
  • 2012 The Bani Walid uprising started in Libya. A group of Gaddafi loyalist took control of part of the town of Bani Walid and flew the green flag of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.
  • 2005 Died: Johnny Carson, American comedian, actor, television host, producer, writer, and musician known as host of The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson
  • 2003 Radio communications were lost with Pioneer 10, an American space probe that completed the first mission to the planet Jupiter. Its radio transmitter lost electric power.
  • 2002 Israeli American reporter Daniel Pearl was kidnapped by a Pakistani militant group in Karachi. Nine days later, he was decapitated.
  • 1992 Died: Freddie Bartholomew, English-American child actor who was very popular in 1930s. His most famous starring roles are in Little Lord Fauntleroy and Captains Courageous.
  • 1989 Died: Salvador Dalí, Spanish Catalan surrealist painter. His most famous paintings include The Persistence of Memory, Swans Reflecting Elephants and others.
  • 1986 The first members of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame were inducted. The first group of inductees included Elvis Presley, Ray Charles, James Brown and others.
  • 1981 Died: Samuel Barber, American composer of choral, opera, orchestral, and piano music. One of his most well known pieces is Adagio for Strings.
  • 1974 Born: Tiffani Thiessen, American actress known for her roles as Valerie Malone on Beverly Hills, 90210 and Elizabeth Burke in White Collar.
  • 1968 North Korean forces boarded and captured the USS Pueblo, an American electronic intelligence and signals intelligence ship attached to Navy intelligence.
  • 1946 Born: Boris Berezovsky, Russian business oligarch, government official, and mathematician. He was an opponent of Vladimir Putin.
  • 1944 Died: Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter and and graphic artist. One of his well-known words is The Scream which exists in four versions.
  • 1944 Born: Rutger Hauer, Dutch actor, writer, and environmentalist. His film credits include Blade Runner, Escape from Sobibor, Ladyhawke and many other films.
  • 1931 Died: Anna Pavlova, Russian prima ballerina most recognized for the creation of the role The Dying Swan choreographed by Mikhail Fokine.
  • 1930 Born: Derek Walcott, Saint Lucian poet, playwright, and professor. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1992 for his poetic works.
  • 1921 Died: Mykola Leontovych. Ukrainian composer and choral conductor. He is recognized for composing Shcedryk better known as Carol of the Bells.
  • 1912 The International Opium Convention was signed at The Hague during the First International Opium Conference. It became the first international drug control treaty.
  • 1907 Born: Hideki Yukawa, Japanese theoretical physicist, the first Japanese to win the Nobel Prize (he became a Nobel laureate in 1949).
  • 1898 Born: Sergei Eisenstein, Soviet film director and film theorist who is considered a pioneer in the theory and practice of montage. He is known for his film Battleship Potemkin.
  • 1883 Died: Gustave Doré, French artist, illustrator, sculptor, and printmaker. He was a very prolific artist who worked primarily with wood engraving.
  • 1881 Born: Luisa Casati, eccentric Italian heiress, muse, and patroness of the arts in early 20th-century Europe.
  • 1870 The Marias Massacre (also known as the Piegan Massacre or the Baker Massacre) took place. About 200 friendly Indians were killed by the US Army during the Indian Wars.
  • 1866 Died: Thomas Love Peacock, English poet, novelist, and official of the East India Company who was a close friend of Percy Bysshe Shelley.
  • 1840 Born: Ernst Abbe, German physicist, optical scientist entrepreneur, and social reformer. He laid the foundation of modern optics together with C. Zeiss and O. Schott.
  • 1837 Died: John Field, Irish composer, pianist, and teacher best known as the instigator of the nocturne, musical composition inspired by the night.
  • 1832 Born: Édouard Manet, French painter who is considered an important figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism. His famous works are Olympia, The Fifer and others.
  • 1793 The Second Partition of Poland took place. The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was divided between the Kingdom of Prussia and the Russian Empire.
  • 1789 Georgetown University was established in Georgetown, Maryland, USA. It became the first Jesuit and Catholic university in the United States.
  • 1783 Born: Stendhal (pen name of Marie-Henri Beyle), French writer. His most famous novels are The Red and The Black and The Charterhouse of Parma.
  • 1556 The deadliest earthquake in history occurred in Shaanxi, China. It killed approximately 830,000 people and destroyed a 520-mile-wide area.