Holidays Calendar for March 13, 2012

Most public holidays in Vatican City are religious feasts such as Epiphany, Assumption Day, Nativity of Mary, Christmas Day, and others. However, there are two exceptions: the anniversary of the foundation of Vatican City and the anniversary of the election of Pope Francis. The latter is celebrated on March 13.

National Thai Elephant Day was established by the Thai government in 1998. It's annually celebrated on March 13, the anniversary, when the white elephant was added to the old version of the Thai flag.

March 13 is K9 Veterans Day, the day when all military dogs should be commemorated. This is an unofficial holiday, but the enthusiast make efforts to change the situation.

Tropical coconuts meet European-style torte to make a divine delight. Celebrate National Coconut Torte Day on March 13 to make your day much better and sweeter.

This Day in History

  • 2013 Pope Francis was elected as the 226th Pope of the Catholic Church.
  • 2012 28 of 52 people on board were killed in a bus crush in a motorway tunnel near Sierre, Switzerland. The bus carried school teachers and students aged between 10 and 12.
  • 2010 Died: He Pingping, Chinese dwarf, who was the world's shortest man who was able to walk, according to the Guinness World Records.
  • 2006 Died: Maureen Stapleton, American actress, winner of an Academy Awards, an Emmy Award, two Tony Awards and a British Academy Award. Stapleton is best remembered for the films Airport and Cocoon.
  • 2006 Died: Robert C. Baker, American chef, best known for different inventions of poultry related products, including the chicken nugget.
  • 1998 Died: Bill Reid, Canadian sculptor and painter. Some of his major creations featured the Canadian $20 banknote of the Canadian Journey series.
  • 1997 Hundreds of people and millions on television saw the Phoenix lights, a UFO sighting, over Phoenix, Arizona.
  • 1996 16 primary school children and 1 teacher were killed by Thomas Watt Hamilton, who later committed suicide.
  • 1992 Born: Lucy Fry, Australian actress and model, best known for role as Zoey in Lightning Point TV series and s Lissa Dragomir in Vampire Academy.
  • 1988 The Seikan tunnel was opened between Aomori and Hakodate, Japan. This tunnel is known as the longest undersea tunnel in the world.
  • 1985 Born: Emile Hirsch, American actor, best known for the roles in The Girl Next Door, Lords of Dogtown, Into the Wild, Ultimate Spider-Man.
  • 1960 Born: Adam Clayton, English-Irish bass player and songwriter, best known as the bassist of rock band U2.
  • 1957 Cuban Student revolutionaries stormed the presidential palace in Havana. Their attempt on the life of President Fulgencio Batista failed.
  • 1943 Died: Stephen Vincent Benét, American author and poet, best known for his book-length narrative poem of the American Civil War John Brown's Body, that won him a Pulitzer Prize.
  • 1943 The Jewish ghetto in Kraków was liquidated by the German forces, most inhabitants were went to Bełżec extermination camp and Płaszów slave-labor camp.
  • 1934 Born: Barry Hughart, American author of fantasy novels. Hughart's career started with Bridge of Birds, that won World Award for the best novel in 1985. The Story of the Stone, Eight Skilled Gentlemen, The Chronicles of Master Li and Number Ten Ox are his other best known novels.
  • 1911 Born: L. Ron Hubbard, American religious leader and author, best known as the founder of the Church of Scientology.
  • 1906 Died: Susan B. Anthony, American activist and social reformer, who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement.
  • 1900 Born: Giorgos Seferis, Greek poet and diplomat. He was one of the most important Greek poets of the 20th century and won Nobel Prize for an eminent lyrical writing, inspired by a deep feeling for the Hellenic world of culture.
  • 1899 Born: John Hasbrouck Van Vleck, American physicist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate for his contributions to the understanding of the behavior of electrons in magnetic solids.
  • 1879 Died: Adolf Anderssen, German chess player, who is famous today for his brilliant sacrificial attacking play, particularly in the Immortal Game and the Evergreen Game.
  • 1845 Felix Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto received its premiere performance in Leipzig with Ferdinand David as soloist.
  • 1842 Died: Henry Shrapnel, English general, inventor of the shrapnel shell.
  • 1825 Born: Hans Gude, Norwegian painter, one of the foremost Norway's landscape painters.
  • 1781 Born: Karl Friedrich Schinkel, German architect, city planner and painter, best known as one of the most prominent architects of Germany. One of the best Schinkel's works is Konzerthaus in Berlin.
  • 1781 William Herschel, British astronomer, discovered Uranus.
  • 1720 Born: Charles Bonnet, Swiss historian and author. He discovered parthenogenesis in aphids. He also described a condition, today called Charles Bonnet Syndrome, when vivid, complex hallucinations occur in psychologically normal people.
  • 1719 Died: Johann Friedrich Böttger, German alchemist, remembered today for discovery of the creation of porcelain.
  • 1697 The capital city of the Itza Maya kingdom, Nojpetén, fell to Spanish conquistadors, that marked the final step in the conquest of Guatemala.
  • 1395 Died: John Barbour, Scottish poet and the first major literary figure to write in Scots. The Brus, the historical verse romance, is his principle surviving work.