Genocide Remembrance Day of the Roma and Sinti in Poland Date in the current year: August 2, 2019

Genocide Remembrance Day of the Roma and Sinti in Poland Genocide Remembrance Day of the Roma and Sinti (Dzień Pamięci o Zagładzie Romów i Sinti) is a solemn remembrance day observed in Poland on August 2. It was declared by a resolution of Sejm in 2011. Like other observances declared by parliamentary resolution, it is a working day unless it falls on a weekend.

The Roma and Sinti are two groups of the Romani people. The Roma live mostly in Eastern Europe and former Soviet states (although sometimes this term is used interchangeably with the Romani people in general), while the Sinti mostly live in Central and Western Europe. During the Second World War, the Sinti and Roma, alongside Jews, fell victims to the genocide carried out by the Nazis and their collaborators.

According to the Nazi racial theory, the Romani were classified as “enemies of the race-based state” and were thereby subject to extermination. According to historians, between 200,000 and 500,000 Romani were killed during the Romani genocide, also known as the Porajmos.

About 23,000 Roma and Sinti perished at the Auschwitz concentration camp. In late 1942 – early 1943, a special camp for gypsies was set up at Auschwitz II-Birkenau. The first transport of prisoners arrived at the camp in February 1943. Gypsy prisoners were used primarily for construction work. Besides. Dr. Mengele used Romani children in his experiments.

Thousands of Romani prisoners at Auschwitz died of infectious diseases and malnutrition, some were killed in gas chambers. Those who survived and had not been transferred to other camps were exterminated on August 2, 1994, when the Gypsy camp was officially liquidated. The anniversary of this tragic event is now observed in Poland as Genocide Remembrance Day of the Roma and Sinti.

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Genocide Remembrance Day of the Roma and Sinti in Poland, holidays in Poland, observances in Poland, remembrance day, Romani genocide