International Women's Day appeared in the USA in 1909, when it was observed for the first time in New York. The Socialist Party of America organized this holiday to commemorate the strike of the International Ladies' Garment Workers. Despite later focus claimed, that a specific strike was held on March 8, in fact there were no such event.
In August 1910 “International Woman's Day” was proposed during the general meeting of the Socialist Second International in Copenhagen, Denmark. It was seconded by Clara Zetkin, the fellow socialist and later communist leader. The following year the holiday was celebrated in Denmark, Austria, Germany and Switzerland.
Russian women observed their first International Women's Day in 1913 of the last Sunday in February. The holiday became one of the major ones in the Soviet Union.
There is no specific claim, why International Women's Day is celebrated on March 8. The possible reason is that the holiday was celebrated on March 8 in 1914, when it was Sunday, since then the holiday has always been held on the same date.Remind me with Google Calendar
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