In 1603, the Dutch East India Company was founded on the Indonesian archipelago. The Company was dissolved in 1800, and its assets were nationalized as the Dutch East Indies, making the Indonesian archipelago a Dutch colony.
The national awakening in the Dutch East Indies began in the early 20th century. The first native political society in the colony was Budi Utomo (“Prime Philosophy”). It was founded on May 20, 1908 by Dr. Wahidin Soedirohoesodo.
Budi Utomo consisted primarily of students, and in October 1908 Soedirohoesodo gave up the leadership in favor of young organizers. In 1910, the society was officially recognized by the colonial authorities. At the time, it numbered about 10,000 members.
The establishment of Budi Utomo is considered the beginning of the Indonesian National Awakening which led to the country's independence. The Day of National Awakening in Indonesia has been celebrated since 1908. Although not a public holiday, it still is a very important commemoration for all Indonesians.Remind me with Google Calendar
- Anniversaries and Memorial Days
- National Awakening Day in Indonesia, Day of National Awakening, holidays in Indonesia, observance, Budi Utomo