The anniversary of the date Columbus arrived in the Americas was first observed in the United States in 1906. Over the years, many countries in Latin America started to celebrate it, too. However, the holiday met strong opposition from indigenous activists, who associated Columbus' arrival with the beginning of colonization and oppression.
Eventually, Columbus Day was replaced with a celebration of native races and their resistance against European colonizers. The holiday has different names in different countries. In Colombia, Guatemala, and Uruguay it is known as Day of the Race. Venezuelans celebrate October 12 as Day of Indigenous Resistance. The Costa Rican variant is Day of the Encounter of Cultures, while in Chile it is Day of the Encounter of the Worlds. Argentinians observe it as Day of Respect for Cultural Diversity, and in Belize it was renamed Pan American Day, or Day of the Americas.
Columbus Day in Latin America is celebrated on October 12, while the celebration in the United States is held on the second Monday in October.Remind me with Google Calendar
- Public Holidays
- Venezuela, Uruguay, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Chile, Colombia, Argentina, Belize
- Columbus Day in Latin America, Day of the Race, Day of Indigenous Resistance, Pan American Day, discovery of the Americas