Independence Day in São Tomé and Príncipe Date in the current year: July 12, 2017

Independence Day in São Tomé and Príncipe Independence Day of the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe is observed on July 12. On that day in 1975, the country gained independence from Portugal. Independence Day is celebrated as a public holiday.

São Tomé and Príncipe is an island country in Central Africa. It comprises two archipelagos around the two largest islands that gave the country its name. The island of São Tomé was discovered in 1471. It was named after Saint Thomas. Príncipe was discovered a year later. It was initially named Santo Antão after Saint Anthony, but in 1502 its name was changed to Príncipe to honor the Prince of Portugal.

The struggle for independence of São Tomé and Príncipe began in 1960, when the Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe (MLSTP) was founded. Liberation struggle gained momentum in the 1960s. Independence was finally proclaimed following the 1974 Carnation Revolution in Portugal. São Tomé and Príncipe officially became a sovereign nation on July 12, 1975.

Independence Day is the national day of São Tomé and Príncipe. On July 12, various festivities are held throughout the country. They include (but are not limited to) official speeches, colorful parades, traditional dance, open-air concerts, theater performances etc.

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Category

Public Holidays

Country

Sao Tome and Principe

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Independence Day in São Tomé and Príncipe, holidays in São Tomé and Príncipe, public holiday, national day