The First Opium War (1839-1842) was a conflict between Britain and China over the conflicting viewpoint on diplomatic relations, trade and administration of justice for foreign nationals. Britain wanted to expand its market and started auction grown in India opium in exchange for Chinese silver. This led to increasing number of opium addicts in China and alarmed officials.
The Emperor of China rejected proposal to legalize and tax opium and abolished trade with Britain. 20,000 chests of opium (approximately 2.66 million pounds or 1210 tons) were confiscated without offering the traders compensation and destroyed on June 3, 1839. The first battle began only in November, but the war was officially declared in 1840.
The war was won by the British. China signed the Treaty of Nanking, thus opening the Chinese market to global commerce and the opium trade. Hong Kong became a Crown colony and China compensated the loss of opium.Remind me with Google Calendar
- Anniversaries and Memorial Days
- opium suppression movement day, holidays in taiwan, first opium war