Soewardi Soerjaningrat (he changed his name to Ki Hajar Dewantara in 1922) was born on May 2, 1889. Thanks to his family's aristocratic background, he was able to get education, which was a rare occurrence in the Dutch East Indies.
In 1922, he founded his educational movement known as Taman Siswa. It was aimed at providing education for native population. He also developed the educational philosophy Tut Wuri Handayani. It describes an ideal teacher who not only transmits knowledge to his students, but also encourages them in their further quest for knowledge.
When Indonesia declared its independence, Ki Hajar Dewantara was appointed as Minister of Education and Culture in the country's first cabinet. He died on April 26, 1959.
In November 1959, President Sukarno declared Ki Hajar Dewantara a National Hero of Indonesia and the Father of Indonesian National Education. His birthday was appointed as the National Education Day and has been celebrated annually ever since.Remind me with Google Calendar
- Cultural Observances
- National Education Day in Indonesia, Ki Hajar Dewantara, holidays in Indonesia, cultural observance