Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla was a leader of the Mexican War of Independence. He was born on May 8, 1753. At age 25, he was ordained as a Catholic priest. Despite receiving a traditional education, Hidalgo challenged many ideas presented by the Church and found the absolute authority of the Spanish king questionable.
On September 16, 1810, he gathered his congregation in the town of Dolores. Hidalgo addressed the people in front of the church, encouraging them to revolt against the Spanish colonial government. His address is referred to as Grito de Dolores, which means Cry of Dolores or Shout of Dolores.
This “cry of independence” marked the beginning of the Mexican War of Independence. Hidalgo was actively supported by liberal priests, intellectuals and many poor people. He became the leader of the insurgent movement.
Sadly, Hidalgo did not live to see Mexico as a sovereign state. In 1811, he was captured by royalists. He was found guilty of treason and executed on July 30, 1811. After his death José María Morelos became the next leader of the insurgents.Remind me with Google Calendar
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