Shushan Purim Date in the current year: February 24, 2016

Shushan Purim Most Jews celebrate the holiday of Purim on the 14th day of the Hebrew month Adar (or Adar II in leap years). However, Jews in Jerusalem celebrate this festival on Adar 15. This day is called Shushan Purim.

Purim is celebrated on the 14th day of Adar because Jews in most cities of the Persian empire fought their enemies who wanted to destroy then on the 13th day of Adar and rested the following day. However, in Shushan they fought for two days and rested on Adar 15. Therefore Jews of Shushan celebrated Purim one day later.

Over the course of time it was decided that Purim would be celebrated on Adar 15 in all “walled cities”, the cities that had been enclosed by a wall in the time of Joshua. Today, the city of Jerusalem is the only such city.

However, in certain towns both in Israel and the diaspora it is customary to hold an additional public reading of the Scroll of Esther on Adar 15. These towns include Shechem, Ramlah, Lod, Jaffa, Haifa, Gush Halav, Beit Shemesh, Beit She'an, Beersheva, Ashkelon, Acre, Tiberias, Safed and Hebron as well as Prague, Damascus and Baghdad.

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