International Holocaust Remembrance Day Date in the current year: January 27, 2016

International Holocaust Remembrance Day International Holocaust Remembrance Day is an international memorial day that was established by the UN General Assembly in 2005. This day of remembrance commemorates the victims of the Holocaust. It is held annually on January 27.

During World War II, Nazis and their collaborators targeted and methodically murdered Jews who are considered the main victims of the genocide known as the Holocaust. Approximately six million Jewish people were killed in ghettos and concentration camps. Other victims of the Nazi regime include Gypsies, Poles, Soviet prisoners of war, physically and mentally disabled people, communists, and homosexuals.

On January 27, 1945 Soviet troops liberated the remaining inmates of Auschwitz-Birkenau, the largest Nazi death camp. In 2005, the anniversary of this event was declared as International Holocaust Remembrance Day as stated in the General Assembly resolution 60/7. The resolution rejects any denial of the Holocaust and encourages to educate future generations of its history.

January 27 is also a national observance in the United Kingdom and Italy. The United Kingdom has been observing Holocaust Memorial Day since 2001. A new host city and theme of the day are chosen every year. Italy has also been observing this remembrance day since 2001 as Memorial Day (Giorno della Memoria).

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International Holocaust Remembrance Day, UN observance, day of remembrance, memorial day