Constitution Day in Nepal Date in the current year: September 19, 2024

Constitution Day in Nepal Constitution Day is a public holiday in Nepal celebrated on September 19 every year. It commemorates the anniversary of the adoption of the 2015 Constitution of Nepal that officially consolidated the country’s transition from a constitutional monarchy to a federal republic.

From 1768 (the unification of Nepal) to 2006, Nepal was a kingdom. Monarchy was abolished after the ten-year-long Nepalese Civil War that was fought from 1996 to 2006. After the end of the war, an interim constitution was adopted to serve during a transitional period. The Interim Constitution of Nepal was in effect from 2007 to 2015.

The current Constitution of Nepal was developed by the Legislature Parliament of Nepal, also known as the 2nd Nepalese Constituent Assembly. It was formed in 2013 after the failure of the 1st Nepalese Constituent Assembly to pass a new constitution. The promulgation of the new constitution was followed by protests because some ethnic groups felt the document failed to address the demands of marginalized communities. Additionally, there was controversy over the citizenship rules.

Despite the controversy, the Constitution of Nepal was adopted and came into effect on September 20, 2015. About 90% of the members of the Legislature Parliament of Nepal voted in favor of the new Constitution. The anniversary of the adoption was declared a public holiday named Constitution Day.

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