The Dominican Republic occupies the eastern five-eights of the island of Hispanola, the rest of the island's territory belongs to Haiti. Until 1795, the eastern part of the island was a Spanish colony named Santo Domingo, while the western part belonged to France. In the 1795 Treaty of Basel, Spain ceded its part of Hispanola to France.
In 1804, the French colony of Saint-Domingue proclaimed its independence, and the Republic of Haiti was founded. Santo Domingo was occupied by France until 1808, when it was returned to Spanish control. In 1821, it declared its independence as the Republic of Spanish Haiti, but two months later the new state was occupied by Haiti.
Struggle for the independence of the Dominican Republic from Haiti began in 1838, when Juan Pablo Duarte founded La Trinitaria, a secret society which sought the completely independence of Santo Domingo. On February 27, 1884 La Trinitaria achieved its goal by proclaiming the independence of the Dominican Republic.
The anniversary of this event is celebrated as a public holiday, Independence Day of the Dominican Republic.Remind me with Google Calendar
- Public Holidays
- Dominican Republic
- Independence Day in the Dominican Republic, holidays in the Dominican Republic, public holiday, Santo Domingo