Most Muslims believe that the Quran was revealed from Allah in two phases. First it was revealed in its entirety to the angel Jibrayil in the lowest heaven. Subsequently Jibrayil revealed it to Muhammad verse-by-verse across 23 years. The first verses were revealed to Muhammad on Laylat al-Qadr. They were the first five verses of the 95th sura (chapter) of the Quran, Sūrat al-ʿalaq.
The date of Laylat al-Qadr is unclear. Both Sunni Muslims and Shia Muslims observe it on one of the odd nights during the last ten days of Ramadan. The night before the 27th of Ramadan is the most common variant among the Sunni Muslims whereas many Shia Muslims observe Laylat al-Qadr on the night of the 23rd of Ramadan.
Laylat al-Qadr is commemorated with additional prayers. Muslims often perform Quran reading on this day. Some Muslims observe iʿtikāf, a practice consisting on a period of retreat in a mosque for the last ten days of Ramadan.Remind me with Google Calendar
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