Unification Day in Bulgaria Date in the current year: September 6, 2024

Unification Day in Bulgaria Unification Day is a Bulgarian public holiday celebrated on September 6. It commemorates the unification of the principality of Bulgaria and the Ottoman province of Eastern Rumelia in 1885.

Following the end of the Russo-Turkish War, the territory of present-day Bulgaria was divided into several parts by the Treaty of Berlin (1878). The autonomous region of Eastern Rumelia was separated from the rest of Bulgaria and incorporated into the Ottoman Empire.

In the spring of 1885, the Plovdiv-based Bulgarian Secret Central Revolutionary Committee led by Zahari Stoyanov began to popularize the idea of unification. On September 5, a large group of armed rebels began to march from Golyamo Konare (now Saedinenie) to Plovdiv, which was the capital of Eastern Rumelia.

The rebels captured the city on September 6 and overthrew Governor General Gavril Krastevich. Stoyanov formed a temporary government, and Eastern Rumelia became part of Bulgaria.

Bulgarian Unification Day is celebrated nationwide with official ceremonies, memorial services in churches, firework displays and the traditional memorial marathon. The main celebration is held in the city of Plovdiv, which played a key role in the country's unification.

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